Sunday, June 25, 2006

Sunday ...

I thought I might share some information I found in Wikipedia, all about Sunday ...

Sunday is traditionally the first day of the Judaeo-Christian seven-day week, between Saturday and Monday, and the second day of the weekend in some cultures. It is considered a holiday in lands of Christian tradition, and is the day when most Christians attend Church.

In India, Sunday is Ravivar. It is based on Ravi - Vedic God of Sun.

In the Gregorian calendar, no century can start on a Sunday. In the Hebrew calendar, no year can start on a Sunday. Any month beginning on a Sunday will contain a Friday the 13th.

The name Sunday

In ancient Jewish tradition Saturday is the Sabbath, a day of worship on which abstinence from work is required. The first Christians were Jews and maintained the observance of the Jewish Sabbath rest, but by the first half of the second century many Christians no longer observed the Sabbath, instead gathering for worship on Sunday.

The majority of Christians have continued to observe Sunday ever since, although throughout history one sometimes finds Christian groups that continued or revived the observance of the Saturday Sabbath. More recently in history, Christians in the Seventh-day Adventist, Seventh Day Baptist, and Church of God (Seventh-Day) denominations (along with many related or similar sects), as well as many Messianic Jews, have revived the practice of gathering for worship, and abstaining from work, on the Saturday Sabbath.

Many languages lack separate words for "Saturday" and "Sabbath". Eastern Orthodox churches, as well as many Roman Catholics, distinguish between the Sabbath (Saturday) and Sunday, which most Christians traditionally call the Lord's Day. However, many Protestants and Roman Catholics refer to Sunday as the Sabbath, though this is by no means a universal practice among Protestants and Catholics. Quakers traditionally refer to Sunday as "First Day" eschewing the pagan origin of the name.

The name "Sunday" (Day of the Sun) originated in pre-Christian Egyptian culture. In Egyptian astrology, the seven planets, Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, the Sun, Venus, Mercury, and the Moon, each had an hour of the day assigned to them, and the planet which was "regent" during the first hour of any day of the week gave its name to that day. The Egyptian form of the seven-day week spread from Egypt to Rome during the first and second century, when the Roman names of the planets were given to each successive day. Germanic-speaking nations apparently adopted the seven-day week from the Romans, so that the dies Solis became Sunday (German, Sonntag). See also Sol Invictus.

The first Christian reference to Sunday is found in the First Apology of St. Justin Martyr (circa 150 A.D.). In a well-known passage of the Apology, Justin describes the Christian custom of gathering for worship on Sunday. "And on the day called Sunday, all who live in cities or in the country gather together to one place . . .", he writes. Evidently Justin used the term "Sunday" because he was writing to a non-Christian, pagan audience. In Justin's time, Christians usually called Sunday the Lord's Day (because they observed it as a weekly memorial of Jesus Christ's resurrection) or "the Eighth Day" (because of the Christian belief that Christ's resurrection on the day following the seventh-day Sabbath is a portal to timeless eternity that transcends the seven-day weekly cycle).

Position during a week

In many countries, including most of Europe, Asia, and South America (except Brazil), Sunday is held to be the last day of the week. In others, including the United States, Canada, and in parts of Africa it is seen as the first day, a traditional view derived from ancient Jews, Egyptians and the Holy Roman Empire. ISO 8601 defines Monday as the first day of the week, making Sunday the seventh.

Common Sunday occurrences

Among Christians (with the exception of seventh-day Sabbatarians, such as the denominations listed above) Sunday is considered holy and often a day of rest and church-attendance.
During Christianity's first three centuries, Sunday was consecrated as the preeminent day for worship. Consequently, Christians would avoid secular activities to allow time for worship. However, it is not until the fourth century that ecclesiastical and civil legislation was enacted forbidding work in a manner similar to the observance of the Jewish Sabbath. Throughout history there have been Christians, especially Protestants, who believe Sunday must be observed with the just the sort of rigorous abstinence from work associated with the Jewish Sabbath, but for most Christians the custom and obligation of Sunday rest has not been as strict.

In orthodox Christian families and communities, some activities are not done, e.g. working, doing something that requires somebody else to work such as buying goods or services (including the use of public transport), driving a car, gardening, washing a car, etc. Exceptions which are allowed are making use of religious services, and, usually, using electricity, and urgent medical matters. In Roman Catholicism, those who work in the medical field, in law enforcement, or soldiers in a war zone are dispensed from the usual obligation to avoid work on Sunday.

In the United States, professional football is usually played on Sunday, although Saturday and Monday (via Monday Night Football) also see some professional games. College football usually occurs on Saturday, and high-school football tends to take place on Friday night or Saturday afternoon. It is not uncommon for church attendance to shift on days when a late morning or early afternoon game is anticipated by a local community.

Also in the United States, many federal government buildings are closed on Sunday. Privately owned businesses also tend to close or are open for shorter periods of the day than on other days of the week.

Many American and British television networks and stations also broadcast their political interview shows on Sunday mornings.

Many American and British daily newspapers publish a larger edition on Sundays, which often includes color comic strips, a magazine, and a coupon section.

In Ireland, Gaelic football and hurling matches are predominantly played on Sundays, with the second and fourth Sundays in September always playing host to the All-Ireland hurling and football championship finals, respectively.

Radio stations often play specialty radio shows such as Casey Kasem's countdown or other nationally syndicated radio shows that may differ from their regular weekly music patterns on Sunday morning and/or Sunday evening.

Named days

Easter Sunday, the day in the Bible on which Christ rose from the dead, celebrated across the Christian world and regarded as the most important day in the Christian calendar.

Low Sunday, first Sunday after Easter, is also known as the Octave of Easter, White Sunday, Quasimodo Sunday, Alb Sunday, Antipascha Sunday, and Divine Mercy Sunday.

Palm Sunday is the Sunday before Easter.

Passion Sunday, formerly denoting the fifth Sunday of Lent, since 1970 the term applies to the following Sunday also known as Palm Sunday.

Septuagesima Sunday, before 1970, was the third from the last Sunday before Lent.

Stir-up Sunday, is the last Sunday before Advent.

Trinity Sunday is the first Sunday after Pentecost.

Laetare Sunday

Gaudete Sunday

Whitsunday

Super Bowl Sunday

Bloody Sunday

Sunday in popular culture

In the popular rhyme, "The child born on Sunday is fair and wise and good and gay". Another version of the rhyme was "And the child born on Sabbath Day is bonny and blithe, and good and gay."

There you go ... everything you may (or may not) have wanted to know about Sunday.

Have a great Sunday.

Take care,

MEOW

15 comments:

Autumn said...

That was really interesting. I didn't know most of it. I was surprised to learn that a month containing a Friday the 13th always starts on a sunday.
Great post.

Kylee said...

Very interesting post.
The position of the week gets me because it seems to change according to my employers...One might have it as the first day of the week while another has it as the last day of the week. With my current employer Sunday is the last day of a week although the last one saw it as the first day of the week.

Thanks for sharing hope your weekend was an enjoyable one.

Meow said...

Autumn ... thank you. I was surprised by that, too. I guess there are lots of little things we never pick up on !!

Kylee ... thank you. I know what you mean. I tend to look at Monday as the first day of the week, however I always like my calendars to go from Sunday to Saturday ... go figure !!!

Have a great Sunday, take care, Meow

LZ Blogger said...

What an extremely informative post on SUNDAY (every pun intended)! But really THANKS it was really good, and contained several facts I had no clue about. ~ jb///

HeiressChild said...

hi meow,

i love your dancing cat. i have a picture of a waving lady i want to use as my profile picture, but when i finished posting it, she wasn't waving. can you give me instructions on how you did your dancing cat, and how i can put music on my blog? i asked someone else for instructions, but she may not check her blogs for some time. thanx for your help.

Meow said...

LZ blogger ... thank you, and you are welcome. I decided to do an informative post, rather than none at all, for a change !!

Heiresschild ... thank you, I have emailed you. Thanks for visiting.

Have a great day. Take care, Meow

Granny said...

Our government buildings are usually closed on Saturday as well (a few exceptions such as motor vehicles).

This may be because not all consider Sunday as their Sabbath or it may just be to give their employees a two day weekend.

kimananda said...

Very cool! It makes sense that Brazil has Sunday as the first day of the week, as that's how it is in Portugal, too.

Heidi said...

Wow..Thanx for the Sunday history lesson.

Reverberate58 said...

Interesting stuff. The Seventh-Day_Adventist have always observed Saturday as the Sabbath and that has never changed. I was raised SDA (not that I am now) and have several family memembers who are devote SDA. They are no different in their beliefs than I am except my day of worship is Sunday. Yet we are the same in all other ways. They tend to get a bad hype but are really great people just like all good Christians are!

Wonderful posting about Sunday and all it's implications. Great read!

Peter said...

between Saturday and Monday, and the second day of the weekend !!!!!
That says it all Meow.

Jean-Luc Picard said...

A great array of interesting facts there, Meow.

Meow said...

Granny ... most of our offices and places of business like that are closed both Saturday and Sunday. It is only retail that is open all weekend. And food places, and stuff like that.

Kimananda ... that's interesting, every country thinks differently I guess.

Heidi ... you are welcome.

Reverberate ... thank you.

Peter ... too true !!

Jean-luc ... thank you.

I hope everyon has had a wonderful weekend. Now ... on with the week.

Take care, Meow

Jenn said...

Interesting stuff. My husband's family are Messianic Jews and their service is on Saturday.

Meow said...

Jenn ... thanks. It's interesting how different religions do things differently.
Take care, Meow